Romania, situated in Eastern Europe in Balcan Peninsula, with a population of over 22 millions, is bordered to the north and east by Moldova and Ukraine, the southeast by the Black Sea, the south by Bulgaria, the southwest by Serbia and Montenegro and in the west by Hungary.
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The country is divided into four geographical areas. Transylvania, Moldavia, Walachia and Dobrogea.
Romania’s coastline is along the Black Sea, incorporating the biggest romanian port, Constanta.
The capital of Romania and the largest city is Bucharest.
Romania is a member of NATO, UN and from January 2007 also EU member.
The climate is temperate-continental with full of snow winters and hot summers. It is a travel destination all year round.
Romania, with a long and distinguished history is a treasure of culture, art and natural beauty. Despite the hardships and challenges of being a developing country, the beauty of Romania is magnificent in its many monuments, traditions and cultural heritage sites.
Romania is the only place in the world where a group of Orthodox monasteries with their fine exterior and interior frescoes, have been preserved and handed down from mediaeval times, and because of their uniqueness and artistic value, were added in 1993 to UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritage List.
There is, indeed, no other place in the world where such a group of churches, like Voronet, Moldovita, Sucevita, Humor, Probota, Putna, with such a high quality exterior frescoes, are to be seen. Using colors like the famous Voronet blue, the green-red of Sucevita, the yellow of Moldovita, the red of Humor and the green of Arbore, the painters (most of them unknown) described the biblical stories of the earth and heaven, scenes from the lives of the Holly Virgin and Jesus Christ, stories of man’s beginnings and of his life after death.
Another group are the Wooden Churches of Maramures, unique examples that combine Gothic style with traditional timber construction. Most of these churches were built during the 18th and 19th centuries, on the place of older churches that no longer exist. The churches are made of thick logs, are quite small and dark inside, and painted with Biblical scenes. The most characteristic features are the tall tower above the entrance and the massive roof that seems to dwarf the main body of the church. They were added on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1999.
Traversed by the waters of the Danube, Romania has dramatic scenery including the beautiful and densely forested Carpathian Mountains, the Black Sea Coast an the Danube Delta which is the largest best preserved european delta.
Dotting the natural landscape are rustic villages where local people live and keep alive traditions for hundreds of years. There is an abundance of religious architecture and medieval towns and castles.
In recent years Romania is rapidly regaining its identity as a popular tourist destination and has a lot to offer to the travelers. Situated in beautiful valleys and on mountain slopes are many summer and winter ski resorts such as Sinaia, Busteni, Predeal, Poiana Brasov and Vatra Dornei.
The Black Sea Coast is the preferred destination for family holidays with 100km of fine golden sandy beaches and many resorts such as Mamaia, Eforie Nord, Costinesti, Neptun, Saturn.
The most important resort is Mamaia, situated north of the city of Constanta being a popular destination during summer time, for Romanians as well as for foreign tourists, as a result of major programs of investment.
At the border between Transylvania and Valachia there is the famous Bran Castle, known as the Castle of Dracula and medieval Brasov and Sighisoara. Iasi is home to the oldest Romanian university, founded in 1860.
Romania is different by anything you experienced before. Is a place full of mysteries and legends where castles, fortresses and churches emphasize the beauty of the landscapes. The blend of medieval architecture and western modernism makes it an unique and rich experience for every traveler.
The immigration and customs system is pretty relaxed so most of the people coming to Romania do not need a visa in advance. You can arrive by air, by train, by bus or by car.