Travel Guides, Albums - Romania

Sarmisegetuza

Sarmisegetuza Regia Hotels in Hunedoarais the name of the capital of pre-Roman Dacia, actually a complex of sanctuaries, situated in The Mountains of Orastie, at an altitude of 1,200 meters, from which the most remarkable are “Sanctuarul Mare Rotund” (Big Rounded Sanctuary) and “Soarele de andezit” (The Andesito Sun).

Sarmisegetuza

Romania Map - Sarmisegetuza

Sarmisegetusa Regia

Most of the archeologists assert that the city was raised in between the 3rd and the 2nd century before Christ, while others sustain that it would be at least 600 years older than that. One of the reasons of this dispute could be the striking resemblance of the Big Rounded Sanctuary with those of Stonehenge. It seems that the same architect has conceived them both, the only difference being that the one from Orastie is smaller. Then, The Andesito Sun can be easily resembled to the famous Maya calendar.

Sarmizegetuza
Sarmisegetusa Sanctuary.

The capital of Dacia was conquered and destroyed by the Roman army in the year 106 after Christ. Its ruins were revealed for the first time in 1923 due to the diggings made under the lead of professor D. M. Teodorescu from the department of archeology of the University in Cluj Napoca, then continued by the academician professor C. Daicoviciu and by Hadrian Daicoviciu until 1944.
The road is not generous for those who want to get at the ruins of the ancient Dacian fortress. If there is asphalt laid from Orastie till Costesti, few are those who dare continue their trip by car following the next 20 km on forestry path. As a matter o fact Orastie can be considered a departure point for the Dacian fortresses; Sarmisegetuza Regia, The Fortress of Costesti (18 km away from Orastie), the Stone Walls of the Fortress from Blidaru (4km away from Orastie).

Sarmizegetuza
Sarmisegetuza.

At about 40 km away from Orastie Mountains, in the department of Sarmisegetuza, in the South- West of the Hateg Depression, where are the ruins of the other fortress bearing the same name, capital of Roman Dacia, also called Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetuza, founded by the governor Terentius Scaurianus between 108 – 110.For two centuries, it represented the political and administrative center of the province of Dacia.
The sieges of the governor, of the administration, of the financial system, of the military, economic and religious centers were situated inside the fortress. During the rule of Emperor Hadrian (117-138), Sarmisegetuza was called Colonia Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetuza, and then during the period 222-235, to its name was added the epithet of metropolis.

Sarmizegetuza - one name, two capitals
Sarmizegetuza.

Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetusa

In other words, the ruins of Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetuza stand for the most interesting touristic attraction in the area, offering the tourists the image of a Roman city, resembling many others, with the Forum, palace of the augustals, the thermae, the amphitheatre, the public and private institutions. In 1982, there was inaugurated a museum where there are exposed objects in silver and bronze, ceramics, statues of the Roman gods, coin, funeral stones, medallions, mosaics and other objects.

Sarmizegetuza
Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetusa.

Other interest points in the area are represented by the Fortress of Colt, the Fortress of Malaiesti, the Densus Church, the Church from Strei and also the Fortress of Hateg. Tourists cand get here using the national road DN 68 Hateg-Caransebes, or by train, following the route Petrosani-Subcetate or Simeria-Subcetate. Also, the possibilities of accommodation are multiple due to the touristic boarding houses and to the special places for pitching the tent in the area surrounding the colony.
Beside the Roman fortress, tourists can also visit Sarmisegetuza, the caves Cioclovina, Ohaba Ponor, the Monastery of Prislop and the “Fortress of Colt” in the village of Suseni.

Sarmisegetuza
The Amphitheatre – Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetusa.
Sarmisegetuza
Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetusa.

Album Romania - people, places and history

11 Responses to “Sarmisegetuza”

  1. Correct error for date on statement above for the England-Troy date from 10-12,000 BC to 10-1200 BC, as I slipped on the decimal.

  2. It occurred to me I left out the English comment concerning wolf-dog vs. wildcats as tribal symbols. Keep in mind my info is related to a Buryan related events concerning England, Ireland, and Scotland. I’ll start with England.

    In England (from Britain and/or Brenton-Brutus, the fallen rulers of Troy ~10-12,000 BC) the region of Norfolk boast the older wood type henges as the Romanian type, and date to 2-4,000 BC. One is underwater now at the shoreline demonstrating different geology in England at this time period. Stone rock type henges came later and Stonehenge’s current form is a Bronze Age event as an add-on at ~ 1500 BC. Cornwall (also called Burrington) has ancient tin mines (I believe the only known tin at ~1500 BC) which was needed to harden copper, and produce bronze weapons, and other utensils.

    In Norfolk, you find some of the earliest English coins called Bury types, i.e. Bury A, Bury B, etc. One thought is that Bury could be derived from the 1st Nordic god-Buri. Here is the names and symbols of these coins:
    Norfolk, gold, wolf rump and bird, Eoeni (Iceni ?)54-50 BC. Also exhibits a crescent moon (horizontal) with star or sun above it.
    Norfolk wolf stater with Apollo wreath. undated.
    Bury type with strange face and moustach. This would be a Cunobelin (hounds of heaven) related to Belenus sun god. This strange face I believe is a wolf face as I’ve stated.

    A bit north and west of Norfolk is a town called Bury St. Edmunds (the 1st patron saint of England – replaced later by St. George. Some believe Christians were in England before Romans came ~50 BC.) This town is billed as Englands 1st. In the folklore, St Edmunds was killed by 50 plus arrows, and beheaded. His remains were gaurded by a wolf in the fields untils the towns folk could recover the body for a proper burial. I believe Bury can mean burrough, but can also have other meanings.

    In Cornwall there is St. Buryan’s church and bell tower built around the 10th century AD, and the name is believed to be from St. Buriana, an Irish missionary. Interestingly, the spelling they ese is Siberian, and is generally given as Buryan=Burian, my name. I believe this can be derived through the tin mines, and Anatolian immigrants, i.e. Buryan tribe people.

    A folklore term in Spain and England – borean man – O believe may be slang for “miner”, as both cases seemed to be related to mining people. I contend that if your a miner, you also are a forger, and make coins too, however some historical text shows raw ores were shipped and forged in other places using the largest variety of ships.

    In Scotland there is an ancient iron smelter site at a location called Burrian’s Hill. I don’t know this name was derived. There is also the Burrian stone with inscriptions of crescent moon, eagle, a Z-rod (I don’t know the meaning of this), and a mirror. Early Tibetan mirrors were polished bronze, where, one could see into your soul, a kinda 3rd eye.

    Ireland was also called Hibernia (from Iberia), where I’m leaning to Iberia as I Berians, and where Iberu leads to Hebrew. I believe the river in Spain called Ebur is derived also from Hebrew, and this is the Iberian part of Spain. They alos had mines and the Bora mint. CelIberian coins from here date to 2-400 BC, are pre-Roman, and some exhibit a wolf as well. There language was unique, but also some Gallic connections can be made. Celtiberians also had “Draco” war horns which I have a picture of.

    A better question would be this. In Romania, did the Buri tribe have a mine, did they make, or forge anything. Romanian ancient coins are called Biatec coins, unless other varieties also exist.

    On web sites that give families their coat of arms (CoA) data through the Internet, I foubd one of the only Burian related CoA. It stated the name Bvrian, and claims to be from Chatteau de Bury (N. Central France today). The chatteau is in ruins. The CoA exhibits a wolf’s head, I think a lightning bolt (note the English term “crackling tin”), a Burgonet helmet, and a crosslet (four christian crosses point north, south, east, and west) shield. Crosslet is also a fraternity symbol for foreign missionary priest. Lord Buriano in Moravia was part of a Lutheren use of this symbol as Count Schlick (Czech. Bohemia) donated to this cause, and also placed in on their coins (Joachimsthal types, called a Taller (today spelled taler, where you obtain the slang word dollar. Count Schlick married Elizabeth (Alzabeta) Burian, daughter of Count Burian of Guttenstein, Austria, co-investor in the mining operation.

    So is Bury=Buri=Bvrian=Burian? I believe Bari Italy, Bavaria (from Bayern) also leads to Beierjnland (Netherlands) and or from Burzenland, Romania. This is conceivably the same wolf Adolph Hitler was seeking, and where Adolph means “nobel wolf”. I believe that the city Berlin (Berjlin) may be derived from the rarer Burjin form of this same name. Note that on Ptolomy flat word maps (~1-200 AD) shows the Buri tribe about where Berlin sits, albeit very crude maps. He also shows Ireland as Hibernia, and in the Hyperborean Sea, as the Atlantic Ocean wasn’t in use yet.

    By Turkic definition Buri, or Bori can mean “nobel female bitch”, I believe likely related to Asena the she-wolf goddess, and where bitch can be a female dog, not a cuss word necessarily.

    In this way, the Romanian wood type henge could be related to the older English wood type henges in Norfolk, and if true, Buryan-Tengrinist built them. They have the proper pedegree in my opinion.

    Thus, England may have wildcats, but they didn’t forget about the wolf by any stretch. Incidental to this, the henge called Avebury I can maybe read as Avenue of Burian’s.

    There is also a newer theory that Troy was in England (at todays Cambridge – by Norfolk), and the Trojan war was fought here. I believe this may be correct. Iman Wilkens (Netherlands) claims to have studied this and Homers writings concerning the Trojan war since he was a young kid. His story is available on the Internet currently, and he’s a freelance historian as such. If Troy is not in Anatolia, then what is the name for the recent Troy discovery there, and the TV specials and Internet videos. This in part explains why I couldn’t connect Burjans to Troy in Anatolia, yet anyway. Only Burjans as a Van (Lake Van) kingdom.

    Hopefully, this may help more yet. Best wishes. I’ll check back soon as I’m having fun with all of this. Can this ever be finalized?

  3. My resource concerning origin of Bulgars lies with historian Peter Dobrev (I believe he is Bulgarian) and claims they originate in and from the name Balhara (Bactria) and Pamir Knot regions of S. Central Asia. Also described as Pamir-Fergan racial type. I believe this dates to 20,200 B.C., or, the oldest currently known starting point.

    Because some historians claim Bulgars are Burjans (Burdjans – considered an Arabic misspelled word), or Buryans-Siberia, and/or Burgundians), I’ve come up with a second method of differentiation.

    Buryan’s should be Siberian Tengrinist (god Tangra – earth god who resides on mountain tops – hence pyramids), but Bulgars were never Tengrinist.

    Bulgars have a Turkish-Khazar (Khazar is said to be a Bulgarian word by one reference) component, and a Sumerian-Akkadian (from city Accad) component.

    For the best of me, Burjan’s are the Akkadian language component, and a much “smaller” component, and that most Bulgars today would be more Turkish-Kharzarian, but that each others tribes had affiliations over long periods and migrational evolution.

    I can say this because Burjans had a kingdom at Lake Van, Turkey today, or as Anatolia. Burjans are also part of proto-Turks (Gok-Turks, or blue-Turks of Central Asia), but where you also find blue-Bulgars. However, Hyperboreans called themselves “Vans”. Thus, Hyperboreans are these same Burjans, and should have a Sumerian-Akkadian component in there language. The Burjans of Suvar in Sumeria were lost to the great deludge, but Van kingdoms survived.

    If Buryans were called the wolf people in Siberia, then which wolf people would they be?

    Because I also have a reference to Buryan as to mean Sky-God, and later, the “Wolf’s Soul” I can make the following inference: If domesticated dogs originate through Siberian wolves (by current dog DNA studies), and if Buryans were called “the wolf people” one could say they domesticated the dog, and likely first. Now if most Mongolians came from Siberia, than this wolf came with them, and wherein Mongolian mythology, Burte Chino (Blue Wolf) married Red Doe (some call Tawny Doe), and this became there parallel version of Adam and Eve origins. Also, Burte Chino became the Borjinin tribe, which I contend is Buryans. Borjinin leads to Atilla the Hun, and Genghis Khan later. Thus, Buryans are “BLUE” wolves.

    Note that in Turkic mythology, they believe in the she-wolf goddess Asena. Note also that Asena had a blue mane. Thus, the proto-Turk analogy becomes viable in Central Asia this way. It can also be shown some Turkic historians allow for an earlier Siberian-Mongolian relationship.

    Today, Burkhanism is a revival group in Mongolia involved in elevating old religion practices. Note that at Orkon Island, Lake Baikal you can find Cape Burjan (Burkhan) where Shaman’s Rock is found too.

    Buryan’s as proto-Turks in Central Asia can be called Burzyans too, as they are Baskhort affiliates, where Bashkhort can mean Blue Wolf, or Head of the Wolf. In there mythology, they too, followed the wolf, as their ancient ancestors, and tamga.

    I believe that Buryans would be the oldest wolf origin stories and folklore, and this would also be blue in particular.

    Also, in Mongolia today we have the newer follow-on as the “Eternal Blue Sky”.

    There is an ancient minaret on the old silk trail in Krygyzstan called Buryans tower by some, to mean Sky-God, but yet said to maybe come from the word Marana leading to the second definition as Burana from Marana, to mean minaret. I believe Sky God is correct. This tower has been recently minted on there coins. Krygyz people carry about 75% R1a1 haplogroup today, and come from Siberian ancestors (my haplogroup, and Burian, my Bohemian-American name). Recent archaeology uncovered the oldest yet known domesticated hose-bone fossils and date to 8-10,000 B.C. The bones exhibit bridle wear marks on the teeth. Thus Buryans not only domesticated the dog, but the horse too. Buryans tower is also billed as one of the only remaining ruins on the old silk road of these regions.

    Maybe I’m wrong, but these additional may help a bit in answering the posted concerns. As you can see, I’m not just throwing at the dice, and I do appreciate any linguistic help concerning early origins.

    I hope this may help with these Bulgar questions. I’m having the same difficulty, probably even more so.

    There is also books I haven’t been able to track down, and it’s likely they’re not in English.

    People called the Burjan – Journal of Pakistan Historical Society, 1953, 272-300.

    The Muslim Discovery of Europe, Bernard Lewis, sect on Burjan People and Mongol II Khan of Persia. From web site called JSTOR. I believe this is related to fort Gust-i-Burjan ruins in Iran and dates to 100 B.C.

    There is also a book as “Masters of the Burdjan”, I believe of a Macedonian location and timeline, but need more time to find the specifics.

    Thanks for the comments, and, I hope my factors are weighted into your analysis, even if you don’t agree.

    I’m almost certain the Buryan-Burjan-Burian name to be unique, and perhaps not Bulgars, or Burgunds in origin.

    The close tribal relationship would actually be Sabirs, of Siberia, too. They are also related to the “Marduan Princedom” (Burjan Kingdom) in 747 A.D. upper Volga River region of Russia, as are Bashkirs. I believe Burjans and Sabirs had common language at this time, but where this city was renamed as Bolgar City today, when Bulgar – Khazars migrated in (760 A.D.).

    Burjans practiced the winter festival here on Dec. 25th. (a Burjan tradition). Sound familiar? Note St. Nicholus of Bari Italy, where Bari was an earlier Barium (the element), or, Barion – I think a bit like Borean.

    I believe that Bari Italy is of Romanian Dacians who are also Palasgians (Hyperboreans), Buri tribe -Burridava Romania, and Buri territory, and/or Liburnian’s of Lake Van kingdom pedigree and Veneti language shared with Liburnians. Bari Italy leads to also Bavaria (Bayern) Germany. Bari’s crest exhibits a blue and white checkerboard pattern as does Bayern’s.

    These would all be of wolf tribe origins, possibly the same wolf tribe, in spite of the numerous numbers commented on. Buryans “should be” BLUE wolves in my best approximation concerning this name origin.

    Best wishes. Maybe this helps???

  4. Richard,

    I must say I was delighted in looking in at this site again, to see your additional postings. This is very intense work you are doing, although I would line up with the historians you mentioned — when you go back this far, things get INCREDIBLY fuzzy and difficult to pin down, and what data there is tends to be confusing and contradictory. The Central Asian origin of Indo-European peoples is of course widely supported, and Burian has at least a surface suggestion of the Armenian/Azerbaijani linguistic flavor — which itself, points to the most archaic stratum of Indo-European linguistics.

    In terms of the linguistic angle, with which I am more familiar than the genetic, I have to mention one potential problem. While “L” and “R” tend to be convertible phonemes (witness the Japanese, who, lacking an “l” in their language, convert all foreign “l”s into “r”s) and “G” can morph slowly, usually with several intervening steps, into “J” (more commonly, it aspirates and becomes first “h” and then disappears), it is unusual for words to add syllables instead of lose them. Thus, while it’s easy to see “Bulgar” evolving into “Bor” over a space of a millenia or so, it would be very unusual for “Buri/Bor” to evolve into “Bulgar”.

    And, of course, the human relationship with wolves has been ongoing for the last twenty thousand or so years, so one would expect a great number of references to the latter, not all of which would be related to any single clan or tribe. I find it much more significant that the majority of Roman-era British tribes looked to the wildcat as a totem, given how much rarer that is.

    Still, your ideas are a wonderful romp through ancient migrations and interconnections. I wish you the best of luck in your continuing research, and thank you for the pleasure of sharing.

  5. Second attempt to post my e-mail GGG hypothesis.

  6. Thanks for the kind reply. I want to correct a mistake in my previous comments. The date I postulated for Lemnos Island is shown as 15,000 BC but should be 1500 BC. This date I’ve approximated from other proximity data for this tribe in the Lemnos Island region.

    There seems to be a lot of technical studies, some with a DNA components, that are leaning to Central Asia as a general percursor for most north hemisphere Aryan “white” folks. My study of my surname and my DNA does support this notion fully, as I believe I can show this to be the case. Buryan’s of Siberia places this a bit more eastward (Haplogroup R1a1, and marker M45). I believe part of this lies within a tribes name, where DNA “does not” provide a name, and early dates tend to “culture” names in lieu of specific tribal names, in most cases. An example would be Kurgen Culture of Central Asia, which my personal DNA suggests as marker M17 in Central Asia at 10-15,000 BC.

    The name Buring is a derivation I’ve yet to explore, but I believe you’ve spent time on this and see my relationships as written herein. If possible, feel free to contact me direct as I’ve written 300-400 pages of text, and want to publish this data. I believe this name may be the only “exclusive” name capable of supporting such a large time scale over global territories, because the name’s known at ~20,000 BC is slim, I haven’t heard of anyone suggesting a surname that can tie this together. The tribal maps I’ve reviewed for cave man type tribes in Asia or Siberia doesn’t sound like any surnames I’m aware of except for Buryan. Thus, there just aren’t many name to work with, and most are unusual. Example: Yakuts. I don’t know anyone called Yakut as a suname, or even a close match variant. Some historians suggest I’m a bit over-extended, but yet also careful not to shut me out completely, as to those matters they themselves haven’t looked at so closely, as a safety net, and which I see as a professional position. Afterall, we all know important and specific historical data is missing in many cases, and/or intentionally destroyed is many cases. Thus, one needs to be “very” open-minded, and yet meticulous as to how data is weighted in to theories. I’ve assembled data for 30+ years on this name before this picture emerged. I tested my own DNA because I couldn’t believe these results either. I’m seeking peer review of this so these factors can be realized by all historians, which I think would help the current state of affairs in general.

    None-the-less, It will take considerable time to win people over to my views and studies concerning this topic.

    Romania is also entangled into this and I do believe with Internet search engines, this may now be able to be configured faster due to the inter-global historical data exchange, and access to data by layman like me. If I can deal with Siberia and American Indians at 15-20,000 BC, I should be able to deal with Stonehanges, as they tend to be a Hyperborean construct to me, and Hyperboreans tend toward Buryan=Borean. Bore in Tater Russian and Turkic has a meaning as “wolf”.

    Baybars (Egyptian Mamluk dynasty) was born in Crimea as a Russian Bashkort. Baskhortostan (also Bashkirs) come from S. Altay region, then S. Urals, then Crimea later. Their mythology shows the wolf, but some believe Bashkort translates as “head of the wolf”. Baybars also defeated Ghengis Khan from entering Egypt. He was prior to, a Syrian slave sold to Egypt where he later became a commander in the Egyptian army, then Emperor thereafter. He would be an S. Ukranian Russian Tater.

    (Bashkort/Crimea), by a second defintion, show ancestors were Buryans (Burzyan or Burzhan). Bees and honey are a big part of Bashkortostan today, as well as a Burzyan province. This places Bashkorts in this period by Romania. On the other hand, Genghis Khan is also Siberian, where it is believed Mongolians came from. Here, not as Han Chinese so much, but Huns. Both Atilla and Genghis (Chingghis, means ocean-where ocean is believed to be Lake Baikal) are of the Borjinin tribe, who’s mythology provides Burte Chino (Blue Wolf, or Adam) as Mongolian creator story. This justifies the Great Wall of China as they didn’t care so much for each other.

    Thus, Babars was fighting his own cousins, although he likely didn’t know this. We are constantly fighting our own cousins according to my timeline for tribal evolution of Modern Humans to civil states such as Sumeria, a very early civilized culture.

    Stone-henges straddle this timeline evolutionary point which is just old enough to hamper one in finding “good” historical references on. The Buryan name though “can” be found in names (rivers and such) in Romania. Targeted study to this end “may” prove rewarding.

    My email is Thanks again for the kind remarks. I believe my findings will hold their own ground, and want the “highest degree” of critique either in favor of, or not in favor of, as a de-personallized way of moving forward. Generallized statements, as some responses implied here, have no merit. Real data is required to support any position concerning these topics, and data exchange. I have many more hunches, but my comments here are from real data I have reviewd, weighted, and have cross-references on for many cases.
    Yet, I’m filling in timeline gaps to the extent I can, and Romania “is” a difficult region to study.

    I do agree with the comment that this tribe has been greatly overlooked by most historians. I believe this is because the tribe is, and has always been rather small. Their “visabilty” is very low and historians tend to major events as key steps. Smaller tribes get consolidate in (integrated), or left by the wayside. This name actually fills many missing gaps in historical evolution of tribal names, as suggest by the reponse by Buring. I’m happy someone seems to agree with my deductions, so far.

    This name is available also in England, Scotland, and Ireland (Hibernia, from Iberia) where other henges can be found, and where nobody seems to be able to configure whose race built all of this. I believe this can be figured out, eventually.

    Best wishes. I hope to here from all interested parties as this name can, and will change our impressions on who we are. This I’m sure of, and as eluded to from the last responder who seems to have enough vision to see this, too. But, exchange of hard data would be useful to all concerned. My hypothesis I’ve named the Grand Global Genome (as: GGG hypothesis) where Buryans circumnavigated to globe, too, and also includes American Indians (see Atsina tribe, Montana, USA-Canada).

    Also, is an European geneological site for this name. I’m pretty much independant from this site, but some of my data is posted therein, too.

    Thus, the GGG concept should be referenced as such to isolate my particular take on these factors. Best Wishes, RPB. Lets work together. Burian’s should claim what heritage is their’s alone, in my opinion.

  7. hi, Richard Burian, am responding in the first instance.
    I’ve reseached my name all my life and have arrived at similar conclusions, or theories to your own. I suggest the not-yet written “Buringasaga” is the longest most fascinating ever, as I say, not written.. & continuing… traces of “our name” being left all over Asia, Europe and the New World, – more than any other clan! However, I am also aware, as someone else so very kindly pointed out , one cannot jump to too many far-fetchings. I’d be very pleased to hear from you, or any other researcher.
    h.b.

  8. The name Burjan is part of Alexander the Great’s pedigree.

    My understanding is that Buryan-Siberia is equivalent to Burjan in Arabic, and that al-Burjan is a geographical lands location descibed in Iranian mythology. There is the Siberian Buryan as “Sky-God”, and Russians suggest that 1st Nordic god “Buri”, and his sons, Borri, Bor (Greek Hyperborean), Wodan (Oden,Odin) can be derived from Buryan across “northern territories”. My study suggests an Asia Minor route. Thus, Romania encompasses this evolution as also suggested by Thrace.

    Thrace is now Bulgaria. Bulgarians and Burjans (Burdjans) are each others cousins vis-a-vis, as are also Burgundians in some historical studies. I believe Burjans can be traced all around the Black Sea

    The region called “Colchus” is Georgia today, but was the Iranian “al-Burjan” mythology location. The epic “Jason and the Argonauts” is testimony to this because the “Golden Fleece” was held by the Colchus people. Argonauts must have been Burjans, because the epic was written hundreds of years later and I would think Greeks wouldn’t have known, or remembered these factors when written.
    A second part of this is Lemnos Island in the Aegean, where Burjans and Amazons shared the Island. In the Epic, this was Jason’s 1st stop, and they feared the Amazon women-warriors as “men-killers”. Amazons were neighbors to Burjans in the Pontic, by Georgia, and also on Lemnos Island. A third part of this is the Lemnos Island god Hephaestos, Zeus’s son, whom Zeus kicked out of Mt. Olympus (due to the fact he sacrificed a child), and he thereafter resided on Lemnos Island. My date for this is ~15,000 B.C.

    The Azerbaijan question I’ve been working, but I don’t have a definitive answer. I one approach, Azer=As=Ass people + Baijan. If Burjan= Buryan (Lake Baikal-Siberia), then the Bai-jan seems to mimic Bai-kal. I can relate village names to Georgia, Anatolia, Aremenia, and Azerbaijan regions, but older references are hard to find maps for, and some have been renamed. Baijan would represent a unique version for a Burjan-Buryan derived spelling variant. I can obtain both Bulgar and Burjan migrations through this region, however, my DNA test suggest much higher concentration as East Iran, and low concentrations in West Iran (Azerbaijan).

    I have maps that show Georgia=al-Burjan (Burdjan)=Cholchus.

    I also believe Burjan is Iberian. This may help with the Asia Minor question. Caucasus Iberians and Burjans would both be miners and forgers (blacksmiths). Hepheastos was the god of the forge, and is equivalent to Germanic-Thor, as the both are symbollized by the hammer (also Egypt-Ptah). I believe the word “steel” is Iberian. They were alchemist and knew how to “harden steel”. Thus, Romanian mining would be likewise connectible when, or if, these people came to this region. I haven’t looked at this factor-region yet concerning mines.

    If Buri=Bori, i.e. Hyperboreans, Romania has the correct credendials of location, and time period to allow a Hyperborean built henge, and be able to also connect this to “Stonehenge” England, and the “Callenish” henge Scotland. Because Stonehenge is dated to ~2500 BC, and a second “Bronze Age” ~1500AD additions, this would imply similar dates for Romania, if, these henges are common to the same people who built them.

    At ~170 AD, Ptolomy “flat world” maps indicates Ireland as Hibernia, located in the Hyperborean Sea. My belief is that Ireland=Hibernia=Iberia=Burjan=Hyperborean, where Burjan=Buryan=Buri=Bor.

    Note in Spain you have the Bora mint (Iberians, or Celtiberians), and Celtiberian coins dated from ~400 BC exibit wolves (pre-Roman-Spain). Greece Argos coins exhibit wolves. Lemnos Island Amazon coins exhibit wolves.

    The movie “Gladiator” is the Germanic “Buri” tribe fighting the Romans at about 200AD, in the upper Vistula River region of Poland (Buren village). In the movie, this tribe is represented with a wolf spirit. In Croatia, there is a Wolf Valley, where Burjan (Burdjan) can be regionally traced, and, in this era, Burdjan meant “the wolf’s soul”, clearly demonstrated in this movie. This would help explain a Daci=Daos=wolf, and also =Denmark (Latin).

    These are some of the main factors revolving around this Romanian henge and its builders, which I’m leaning to a Hyperborean construct, and connected to other henges as the same percursors. Also as moon-solar alignments, not as astronomical. Reading can be found at “Solving Stonehenge” Anthoney Johnson (Thames and Hudson, 2008). This research parallels mine to a high degree, but I’m concerned with the tribal name evolution, not just henges.

    I don’t believe many Hyperboreans (Palasgians) remained in Greece as the gods Zeus and another son, Apollo would suggest, but that as also indicated to be weak for the R1a1 haplogroup, my haplogroup, if Burian is a Borean related name. R1a1 tends to be more “Northern” peoples as the Nordic god Buri suggest.

    Because Odin (Buri’s son) can be traced to Troy, it becomes highly probable for a Romanian/Thracian connection to the very early dates as henges suggest.

    Note that Romanian Dacian Draco’s (wolf-dragons) can be found carved on Trajans column Rome. There is also a Celtiberian-Draco, Spain. I believe these come from Kipchaks (Qypchaqs), Central Asian Steppes, and Buryans are part of the Kipchak clans, and both later part of the Golden Horde. Thus, this verifies statements from the other responder, and provides a tracable artifact, i.e. Draco.

    This is also the Biblical “Gog”, i.e. the “wolf of the north”, or the anti-Christ. In the Tower of Babel, this is of the sons of Noah, Japeth, Torgarmah (believed to reside in Armenia), and shown in English as Bulgar (a Latin word), where Bulgar=Burjan, and where Bulgar=Balhara (Bactria) at ~20,000 BC. They became Daghestan Bulgars (N. Capsian Sea where Daghestan=Dogsland. So this also encompasses the previos responder, and provides definition concerning Capsian region. Note S. Capsian as Hycania (Land of Wolves). Fort Gust-i-Burjan in Iran is dated ~100 BC. Anyway, I don’t have conflict with Asia Minor, or S. Black Sea regions concerning Burjans in Romania at very early dates, supportable by biblical script too. In biblical terms, Gog would be known in the book of Genesis, and carry over to Revalations and “end times” for the Biblical prophecy of Gog to be fulfilled.

    I personally look a bit like the Motti highland Romanians. but, I am also Bohemian, Czech.

    I’m hoping this aids other responders with more technical details for my take on this henge, and “perhaps”, the people who built it. This should also allow a “wolf” tamga as part of studies concerning henges in general, and tell-tale symbols (such as Draco’s) derived therefrom.

    Thanks for the blog concerning henge sanctuaries.

  9. Well. Some very intricate stuff here, but you have to remember that similar-sounding words aren’t always related, especially across substantially different language groups, and that blonde, blue-eyed individuals are generally rare even in fairly endogamous Germanic tribes like the Swedes, and therefore in ancient times this appearance tended to attract mystical speculation and attributions. After all, all the Homeric gods were blond and blue-eyed when the epics were first chanted, while we’re pretty sure that most of the Greek warriors, then as now, were smallish with dark hair and eyes. Although Alexander really WAS a blonde, and it’s just history playing a bad joke, that the single most-copied representation of him is about 100% inaccurate. Finally, do consider that since calendars represent and attempt to predict world-wide astronomical data, there are pretty good chances of similarities in even widely-dispersed cultures.

    Now going back to prehistoric tribes and migrations . . . looks to me from my readings that the Dacians were pretty closely related to the Thracians if not just the same people with a slightly different accent. Thracians, of course, were red-haired, blue-eyed, tatooed barbarians that no civilized Greek would admit to speaking to, but they made pretty good liquor and could hold it until they picked up their axes and started to howl at the moon (usually around midnight, when most of the army was finally settling in to bed with a nice girlfriend). Anyway, we know that the Thracians (T!rakiae in 300 BC) came from points east, probably around the southern Black Sea coast, at last during the preceding three centuries, and who knows where before that? If you attach the “Getae” (Geto-Dacians, Daco-Getae) tag that some use, you have to consider, what might be the relationship between the Classically-reported Getae, whose reply to Alexander’s questions reveal traditions well-known in later Celtic sources far to the west (and not to forget that in fact, Galatia in Turkey is the linguistic relic of the last Gaulic invasion of southern Europe, during the reign of Lysimachos in Thracia), to the Getes of Beowulf, Sweden, and northern Russia, as well as the later Goths (vowel-shifts are so common as to occur within less than a century, and the transition from a plosive T! to the modern “th” sound, is documented as ongoing in Greek during historical times, between 400 BCE and 400 AD).

    Ultimately all the Indo-Europeans including both Persians and Hindus as well as Armenians and Azerbajani, can trace themselves back to the horse-domesticating steppe-riders from somewhere around the north of the Caspian sea, circa 3500 BCE. And those horse-riders probably had a lot of genes in common with modern Russians, in terms of genetic large size, not very dark hair but a lot of it, and a higher lactose tolerance than most peoples who went farther east earlier. Oh, and probably fewer Neanderthal genes than those of us whose ancestors came mostly from farther west in Europe.

    If you want to talk (not argue), trade sources, follow up leads and ruminate about prehistory, write me at cynndara@yahoo.com. I don’t check it often, but then, did you ever even expect a comment on a site about Romanian monasteries?

  10. I want to correct my comment previously concerning the Hyperborean “Year of Menton”. This is a conjunction time period where both Solar and Lunar cyclic periods align every ~18.6 years, to a given Earth seasonal period cyclic point (in time). The other Earth axial wobble cycle is ~30,000 years and relative to the Mayan calendar year 2012, coming up shortly.

    I will also note that the Hyperborean (Greek for extreem-north) god Boreas (who exhibits wings) would visit his homeland in the north during the Year of Menton, by flying North (in also winged chariots) to get there. Zeus and Apollo Greek gods are also believed to be of Hyperborean (Palasgian) origins.

    Hyperborea and Atlantis haven’t been located, so these factors remain in the realm of mythical characters from mythology.

    Also, the Mayan calendar may or may not be related to Hyperboreans, who may be Bulgarians, and thus a relationship to the Bulgarian “highly accurate” calendar and the Bulgarian present day location by Romania. The Mayan calendar is also unusually accurate, and exhibits great depth in concept for astronomy suggesting this possible relationship.

    I believe the “Year of Menton” is a soley Hyperborean concept inter-related to England’s Stonehenge layout (circular distribution and number of post hole points) and the number 56. (ref; Solving Stonehenge, Anthony Johnson, published by Thames and Hudson 2008).

    I hope this will clarify my own mistake in previous comments herein.

  11. My hunch is the Buryans of Siberia, later called Hyperboreans, Bulgarians, and the Anatolian “Van” kingdoms to be the migrants who brought the “henge” sanctuary to Dacia. The Mayan Calendar – written by a blond-hair and blue-eyed person – to be the same highly accurate Bulgarian calendar (recognized by UNESCO) given to the Mayans. The pillars/poles of Stonehenge number 56, a Hyperborean number for the “Year of Menton” relative to Earths axial polar tip and its nutation cycle of 18.6 years. I believe the Germanic Buri tribe affialiate of the Dacians, who claim their name mimics the 1st Nordic god Buri, to also be of Hyperborean origin. In Iranian mythology al-Burjan (Georgia) would also be the same Buryans of Siberian ancestors.

    Thus my last name are of these same people. Note the city or village Burjanfalva (now Paulis) in Romanian/Transylvanian history.

    My great-grandfather came to USA in 1882 from Prague, as Bohemian. This Dacian region is a stepping-stone migration pathway therein. This is also the “wolf-warrior” clans which I think you’ll find agreeable with the Dacians and your reference to Zeus and Apollo, who was actually “wolf’ Zeus on Wolf Mountain in Greece. These Hyperboreans were also called Palasgians, but are actually Hyperboreans, ie. who called themselves Vans. The Veneti (of Liburnia) and from Lake Van were of the same ancestors. The Veneti language is indentified and linkable as such. The aboriginal people by Lake Van were Subarians, which i read as Su-Barians, ie. Buryans. Any comments?

    Also, I would suggest looking at the newer “Borean” language hypothesis published in the year 2000 (Russian) made available recently in web based Wikipedia. This newer theory I believe to be correct, and it may cure your questions as to Altaic and/or Indo-European (IE) language theories.

    Note that Buddah’s original name from Iran (he was a blond-hair and blue-eyed Sakastan prince, or a Saka (Scythian), before going to India, and his name (I think as quasi-Persian was Bury/xan. This y/x is a Persian hybrid character I can’ t reproduce as English. Anyway, he was a Buryan. Thus, some of these factors – I think – are solvable. Note that Saka coins of (Iran) exhibit “Zeus” – as commented about on your web page – pertaining to anybody wondering about Asian or Indo-European inputs.

    There is also fort Gust-i Burjan in Iran from 200-100 B.C.
    I tested my DNA and have these markers, ie. Siberia, India (Hindi), Iran, etc., and I also have this as a surname, thus I can substantiate these factors – I believe.

    All domesticated dogs from DNA studies exhibit the Siberian “wolf” DNA ancestors. Buryans of Siberia is the origin of “wolf-warriors”, and also, all domesticated dogs too. Dacians were of this bloodline, or an affiliate or confederated version of tribes from this “Tamga” or symbolic tribal descent. A date for this Wolf-Dog event would be ~20-30,000 BC in Siberia, as the Amercan Indians migrated from Siberia at about this period, and they brought the dog with them. Thus, this pre-dates “all” wolf parables, unless someone would like to “add” perhaps an earilier version, which I don’t expect to here about soon. National Geographic released a film pertaining to these dog-DNA-Siberian studies for the skeptics who read this.

    Also, my Siberia-Afro DNA can also be matched to to Grimaldi-Venus artifacts dug up in Malta and Buret, located within ~ 80 km of Lake Baikal, home of Buryats, also from Ice Age – Buryans.

    Both Central Asia, and India are merely stepping-stones to this common migration westward during the earliest epic of Modern Humans, who arrived in Siberian regions at 22,000-25,000 B.C. – the age of these Afro-Siberian artifacts – and my Afro-Siberia DNA that I’ve already tested. The word Siberia – I think – is Si-Beria, which is Buryans too. I think you’ll find my inputs ring true.

    Can anyone confirm or provide a second definition from my studies of Dacians?

    Thanks for your web data. Also, I would like to receive credit for my inputs and use of my name as Authorship for perhaps “newer’” concepts would be appreciated. I’m also willing to receive e-mail from interested parties for comment.

    I’ve been writing a quasi-book on my studies of my surname since 1973, and hope to get a published (1st Edition) version by the end of this year, as I have quite a bit of research pertaining to this name, and its ancient, and global relevance, I’m totally amazed at the path I’ve ended up on once enough factors were obtained to start to make sense out some sort of evolution therefrom, which is how my research is directed. I have “many” versions of this name.

    Also, the Dacian – Burebista (Greek) name I think might originate as Buri, or of the Buri tribe. Any comments?

    Also, Dacian Burzenland I believe to be Goth-Buryans too.
    There is an eastern version as Buryzan which to me becomes obvious. Bashkirs/Bashkorts of Central-Asia are Buryan “wolf-warriors” too. Ref; Baskhortostan Russia.

    Comment welcome. PS, I hope I haven’t overwhelmed responders for these comments, realizing Dacia is a very difficult region to pick-apart, but I do believe “this can be done’” – at least eventually. I believe I’m on the right path, and this is a rather new and different approach perhaps at disecting the Dacian relationships, and the ruins and artifacts found in Dacia today which can be yet further extrapolated and rationallized

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